The Emperor Market was created between 1884 and 1889 and was named to commemorate Queen Victoria, Emperor of Republic of India. The market was created at a felicitous web site that was clearly visible from an excellent distance.
Multan is Pakistan’s third largest city by area and it is fifth largest by population. The city is located on the banks of the Chenab River in the geographic center of the country. Multan is known as the City of Sufis because of the large number of shrines and Sufi saints from the city. The city is blanketed with bazaars, mosques, shrines and ornate tombs. It is the birthplace of Fariduddin Ganjshakar popularly known as Baba Farid, recognized as the first major poet of the Punjabi language.
Multan is located in a bend created by five rivers of central Pakistan. The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh. The city has grown to become an influential political and economical center for the country, with a dry port and excellent transport links.
The culture of Multan has some prominent elements that form its identity. Those elements include:
LANGUAGE: Multani is one of the oldest dialects spoken in southern Punjab. It is a dialect of Punjabi and is a mixture of Jhangochi of Punjabi and Sindhi. Saraiki is the new name but for centuries, Multani was in use. it is mainly spoken in Multan District, Muzaffargarh District and adjacent areas This entire area has almost the same traditions, customs and culture
FOOD The area around the city is a flat plain and is ideal for agriculture, with many citrus and mango farms. There are many canals that cut across the Multan District, providing water from nearby farms. This makes the land very fertile.
Multan produces one of the best mangoes in the world. There are many varieties of mangoes being produced and mango farms are undoubtedly the most common sight in the suburbs of Multan. The hot weather and abundant well irrigated fertile land assures unprecedented taste for these mangoes. Chaunsa, Langra, Anwar ratol, Dusairi, Fajri, Desi and Sindhri are some of the many mango varieties currently being cultivated in Multan. The mangoes produced here are probably the sweetest on the globe and a large portion of the cultivation is exported to many different countries including America, England, Canada, Saudia Arabia and Japan.
Sohan Halwa is another specialty of Multan and is popular throughout the country. It is famous for the cultivation of wheat, cotton, rice and sugar cane as well as other fruits apart from mangoes such as citrus, guavas and pomegranates.
MULTANI MITTI It is multani sand used as Clay for beauty mask for absorbing moisture. It is available in most of the cosmetics shops and is very famous among women who are conscious about their skin. It is demanded all over the country by different parlors’ and skin care institutions.
TRADITIONAL DRESS Multan is famous for its multani dresses, mainly for women. The dresses are made with beautiful embroidery and have a very ethnic touch to them. The dress for men includes shalwar kamiz and lungi. Another element in its dress code includes the Multani Khussas: shoes that are the latest trends in streets of Pakistan. Nowadays, these khussas are in fashion and are demanded by women all over Pakistan. This demand has risen the price of this product and has made it slightly expensive than other regular khussas available in the market.
MULTAN FORT The Fort site now looks as a part of the city because instead of the river it is now separated by a road which looks more like a bazar and remains crowded throughout the day. Nobody knows when Multan Fort came into being but it was there and it was admired and desired by kings and emperors throughout centuries’. It was considered as one of the best forts of the sub-continent from the defense as well as architectural points of view.
MAZARS/SHRINES Shah Yousaf Gardez: Shrine of Muhammad Yousaf Gardezi is just inside the Bohar Gate. It is a rectangular dome less building decorated with glazed tiles, a work of considerable beauty. Bahauddin Zakria: The prime attraction of the Fort area is the Mausoleum of Sheikh Baha-udDin Zakariya (the ornament of the Faith) and Sheikh Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fath, (pillar of the World).The Mausoleum was almost completely ruined during the siege of 1848, but was soon afterwards restored by the Muslims. Bibi Pak Daman: Bibi Pak Daman was a princess and as per her will, she was buried in the garden of her home, the palace. Now after 900 years the palace become a grave yard and her grave is also there, which is now the most famous grave of Multan. Shah Shams He passed away in 1276 AD and the shrine was built by his grandson in 1 330 AD. It was rebuilt by one of his followers in 171 8 AD. It is generally believed that Shah Shams Tabrez performed many miracles. So much so that he once begged the sun to come down and the luminary moved so much near that the fish held in the hand of Shah Shams was roasted. Shah Rukn-e-Alam The Mazar of Rukn-i-Alam is the glory of multan. When the city is approached from any side the most prominent thing which can be seen from miles all around is a huge dome. This dome is the Shrine of Sheikh Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fath commonly known by the title Rukn-e-Alam (pillar of the world). The tomb is located on the south-West side of the Fort premises.
MOSQUES Multan also boasts of having some of the oldest mosques which were once considered as the jewels of the city. These mosques now remind us the glorious past of Multan as it was governed by Muslims for more than a thousand years. Jaima Mosque: The first mosque ever built in Multan was the Jamia Mosque which was constructed on the orders of Mohammad-bin- Qasim the famous general who conquered multan in 712 AD.
Sawi Mosque: Sawi mosque is supposed to be the oldest mosque which still exists though it has no roof now and most of its decorations have been damaged. Mosque Baqarabadi: Baqarabadi Mosque was built by Baqar Khan in 1720 A.D. Mosque Ali Muhammad Khan: The second oldest mosque of Multan which is still in good shape is Mosque Ali Mohammad Khan also called as Mosque Wali Mohammad Khan. It was built by Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani, in 1757 (1171 A.H.) when he was the governor of Multan in the time of Alamgir II. The mosque is provided with a reservoir for the ablutions, baths, and a large hall for prayers. The mosque was restored to the Muslims by the British Government at the commencement of the British rule.
WEATHER Multan is one of the hottest cities of the country. It features an arid climate with very hot summers and cold winters. The city witnesses some of the most extreme temperatures in the country. Recorded-breaking highest temperature of 50 °C (122 °F) was recorded on 27 May 2010.
INDUSTRIES Pakistan has dynamic, vigorous and export oriented textile industry that has an overwhelming impact on economy. Textile being largest industrial sector generates the country’s highest export earnings. Other industries include fertilizer industries, rubber industries, plastic industries etc. However, these industries have been suffering a great deal now because of load shedding. Some main industries include: Pakarab Fertilizers Company Three Stars Hosiery Mills Hussain Industries Hafeez Ghee and General Mills Rubber and Plastic industries Mehr Dastgir Group of Industries Mahmood group of industries Sandhu Textiles. Sunrays Textile Mills Ltd (Indus Group of Companies) Muzammil Traders (Home Textiles Manufacturers & Exporters)
Faisalabad is the largest industrial and metropolitan city of Pakistan. Faisalabad is quite diverse with respect to its culture. The culture of Faisalabad is quite diverse because it is an industrial city and people from all over Pakistan come to work here, few component of Faisalabad culture are as follow:
The reason Faisalabad is called Manchester of Pakistan because it’s the biggest textile city of Pakistan and all the industries here related to textiles and same is Manchester in UK so these cities are also named as Twin cities.
After Lahore, Faisalabad is famous for its food. The most common snack item samosas of Faisalabad are considered the best in Pakistan. Desi foods and snacks like dahi bhally, gol gappy are the specialities . Biryani and pulao are also very well-known. Moreover no city can boast of a better Dal Chawal serving than Faisalabad. It’s one of the favorite foods here. The parathas available at Ghanta Ghar are very famous and a large crowd comes to attend all night long. They come in different fillings such as potatoes, mixed vegetable, chicken etc. As far as drinks are concerned Rabri, Sugar cane rusk, limo pani and lassi are the most favorite drink of the people of Faisalabad. Lassi is being liked by most Punjabis.
Like all other cities, cricket is the most popular sport in the Faisalabad. The oldest and only venue for international cricket matches is Iqbal Stadium is situated here.
Other popular sports in the city are hockey, weightlifting, association football, kabaddi, table tennis, billiards and snooker, squash, and horse racing. Sports like badminton, volleyball and basketball have also started to gain popularity as western influences have affected the locals. The city also has facilities for hockey such as the Faisalabad Hockey Stadium on Susan Road which mostly hosts field hockey matches. Faisalabad, with its affluent culture and cheerful manifestations welcomes all to visit the Manchester of Pakistan and praise the beauty that resides in it as well as its people.
The Punjabi dresses are considered as the traditional clothes of Faisalabad. Punjabi dress for men comprises Pagri, Kurta and dhoti. Punjabi women wear Shalwar Kameez and Dupatta. Traditional Lacha and Bangles and Paranda are also used. Moreover all of these Punjabi women dress items can be embroidered to add more to grace and beauty of clothing. But with the passage of time Faisalabad women has started to adapt new styles, some of which are the combination of Pakistani and western clothing. Like women wear embroidered kurta with jeans and trousers. Faisalabad is well recognized for its cloth and related items throughout the world. It is the best market to buy home furnishings (bed sheets, curtains, towels etc.), personal clothing, and hosiery wear
There are lots of recreational places found all around Faisalabad which are a source of attraction for visitors and native people. The Faisalabad clock tower is famous over the world and is one of the oldest monuments still standing in its original form since British rule. It was constructed in a special way by placing the clock at the center of the eight markets which, from the top it looks like the Union Jack flag of the United Kingdom. Other recreational spots includes Happy Land Water Park which is an international level park built as a complete entertainment center for families and contains biggest water slides in Pakistan. It is also equipped with amazing swings for both children and adults. Rex City is a big computer market where once can find computer sales and service shop easily. Jinnah Garden is also a beautiful park in the city commonly known as “Company Bagh”. Canal Park located at the west bank of Rakh Branch Canal is also a good outing place for families. The majestic Chenab Club standing in the shades of trees and complemented by vast lush green lawns, is located in the beautiful surroundings of “Jinnah Garden” is great attraction.
Faisalabad has always been a hub of literature. Renowned poets and prose writers belong to this city. Sahir Ludhianwi, the great poet of the sub-continent, belongs to Faisalabad. The other important writers are Afzal Ahsan Randhawa, Shehzada Hassan, Adeem Hashmi, Riaz Majeed and Dr. Waheed Ahmed.
Literacy rate is higher than average. Faisalabad has the distinction of being a seat of world famous Agricultural University and equally renowned Agricultural Ayub Research Institute beside the Punjab Medical College there are several other colleges like Commerce College, Textile College, Superior Science College, Poly Technical College and others. Literacy rate is higher than average.
Almost 95% people speak Punjabi. But being in center of Punjab, people speak many other languages as well like pothohari ,pahari, shah puri The other languages such as Urdu being national language is spoken and understood. English is also understood and spoken by the sizable educated people.
The term “Sargodha” has its origins in the words “sar” meaning “pond” and “godha” meaning “sadhu”. There are several theories about the origin of this name. . One theory is that it is derived from the Sanskrit “svargadhama” meaning “heavenly abode”. If it was so, then it would have given rise to “Sargdham” in Punjabi. The most believed theory is that there was a pond in a middle of town where a Hindu resident “GODHA” used to live. In Punjabi, “sar” is used for pond, so it is named as “Sargodha” which means “Pond of Godha”. This is also little contradictory because order of words does not reflect pujabi usage. i.e.: Amritsar, “The pool of nector”.
The Sargodha city was founded by Lady Trooper in 1903. . Being the District Headquarters since 1940, Sargodha was upgraded to the status of Divisional Headquarters in the year 1960. It is one of the planned cities of a region where now a days Pakistan is present. It is only 1 hour and 33 minutes away from Faisalabad which is a hub of Textile Industry of Pakistan. Sargodha has typical Punjabi culture. People of Sargodha are very peaceful and patience. It is an actually culturally and religion ally diverse city where majority is of Muslims, Christians are second in majority and Hindus are third in number. Since the creation of Pakistan, not even a single time there has been fight among people of different sects or religion has occurred.
This city has always had greater strategic importance for Pakistan Air Force which has its largest base here in this city. This base is surrounded by famous Karana Hills which protects it from Attack of enemy jets. This city has also been discussed in reports of American Intelligence Agency “CIA” whose agents still believe that Pakistan has kept its nuclear weapons under centralized security system under Karana Hills. British Royal Air Force also build an airport in Sargodha during British Raj due to its strategic location.
The people of Sargodha have great food habits. There are several hotels and restaurants where people use to go and enjoy food with their families. One of the famous restaurants is Karana Bar Restaurant. One of the famous food hub in Sargodha is Khayam Chowk. Samosas & Pakoras of Khayam Chowk are very famous among people of Sargodha. Another trend that people of Sargodha has is that they not only go to regular restaurants but they are a great lover of food of truck driver hotels. They use to go to these truck driver hotels which are out of Sargodha city with their families and enjoy the food which is very spicy.
The trend of Education in Sargodha is also very good. People belonging to rural Sargodha also give great attention towards Education of their children. They send their children to schools and colleges with this fact that schools and colleges are mainly situated in urban Sargodha which is 2-3 kms away. There are number of schools and colleges. There is also one Government University in Sargodha called, “UNIVERSITY OF SARGODHA”. It has also one medical college called, “SARGODHA MEDICAL COLLEGE” which has given 99.9% average result in first three years of its formation starting from 2009 to 2011 and has became 4th Medical Institute in Punjab and 7th in Pakistan due to its quality of education. The number of students who are going to schools and colleges can be known by this fact that this is the only district in Pakistan where every school or college system has more than 2 branches due to great number of students.
People of Sargodha are very patriotic. They have been awarded by many Presidential awards due to their great support to Pakistan Army and Air Force during the Pak-Indo wars of 1965 and 1971. Although image of Pakistan Military is very bad now days due to its alliance with American Military, still people of Sargodha shows great support for Pakistan Army.
Sargodha is also very famous for its glowing and lush green orange orchards. It is the largest Kinno producing districts of world and is called“California of Pakistan”. The quality of Kinno produce here is famous all around the world and it is playing an important part in making economy of Pakistan better and stronger. It has also one canal which comes from river Jhelum. This canal is the main source of agriculture in this district.
Sargodha has also one textile mill named as “SULTAN TEXTILE MILL”. This mill is a major source of income for poor people of Sargodha. Sargodha has also many rice processing plants and juices factories which also help people of Sargodha to earn their livelihood. Rice Processing plants include factory of famous rice processing group of Pakistani called, “OMNI RICE MILLS Pvt. Ltd. In juices factories sector, there are two major groups who are producers of juices are running their factories in Sargodha district. One is “Nestle” and second is “Shezan”. These factories are definitely not enough for population of Sargodha which is right now about half a million. Majority of people earn their living through agriculture and educated people also do jobs in government and public sector to earn living for their families.
Sargodhian culture is a great mixture of rural and urban culture. People of Sargodha still follow typical rural values which are considered as a beauty of Pakistani culture but they have modernized their living style with the help of technology. As a rate of education is very high, so rate of people who casts their vote in Sargodha district is very high. District of Sargodha has 6 seats of National Assembly and 12 seats of Punjab Provincial Assembly. In these total 18 seats, people of Sargodha has always given their votes in favor of candidates who are well educated, honest and bear good moral character without any difference of cast, race, party and religion. This shows that problems that Pakistan is facing now days can be solved easily if we give people an education on equal level and make them aware. This will help us to make Pakistan a developed country.
Sargodha is very famous in Punjab for its festivals. Sargodha hosts “MELA MAWESHIAN” each year. It is so much popular that Sargodha Cricket stadium is known as MELA MAWESHIAN GROUND. Sargodha has given Pakistan some great players of Kabbadi and cricket. In kabbadi, Malik Muhammad Ahmad Hayyat Lumbardar is known on International level. In cricket, Muhammad Hafeez, Aizaz Cheema and Rana Naveed ul Hassanare some important names.
Pakistan, a land that has become synonymous with ‘versatile’ crime, crude jokes about Talibanisation in the West and a euphemism for all that is dark and grey. There are always two sides to a coin; the first side is seldom the accurate or the complete picture.
There are plenty of problems in this country, yet somehow I always get the impression that the media outlets in Pakistan do tend to overemphasise the negative aspects over the positives. I am sure this statement would fetch many comments that can be classified as nefarious by any linguistic measure. But, please, do try to understand the point of all this.
The point is that the country is in transition- it is a volatile transition wherein we all must play a role to change the social standards and norms of Pakistan. In this post, I will go over a list of people of Pakistani descent, from diverse backgrounds, who are working diligently to promote a pro-Pakistan image abroad.
Their efforts combined with individual efforts from all of us would ultimately determine both the pace and the quality of the social change that we all so desire to manifest in Pakistan. I draw my inspiration from these people, I hope you do too.
An Associate Professor of Science and Engineering at the Lahore University of Management Science (LUMS). Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has named him one of the top 35 innovators of the world (TR35). The list is compiled by MIT annually.
2. Ayesha Farooq
Ayesha is Pakistan’s first ever female war-ready fighter pilot. The 26-year-old fighter, hailing from Bahawalpur, is one of the 19 women who have achieved the ranks of pilots in the Pakistan Air Force over the last decade – there are five other female fighter pilots but they have yet to take the final tests to qualify for combat.
3. Naila Alam and Yasmeen Durrani
These two Pakistani women have been honoured by the White House for their humanitarian work. The Honour of Hope Award recipients manage a philanthropic venture called ‘Express Care’ which focuses on providing daily essentials, such as food and medicine, to low income individuals. The organisation also helps with employment.
4. Faizan Buzdar
Acknowledged by the US President Barack Obama, Buzdar’s startup ‘Convo’ has successfully launched a social network for global organisations. His innovation has led to five million dollars in funding from venture capitalists in the US, including Morgenthaler Ventures which has significant holdings in tech giants such as Apple.
Buzdar is a graduate of Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute (GIKI) of Engineering Sciences and Technology
5.Ali Moeen Nawazish
He is most notably famous for setting a record of acing 23 subjects in the Cambridge O-Level examinations. He is also the recipient of Pride of Performance award and his contributions to the field of education are immense. He continues to work tirelessly and has founded an organisation called ‘StepUP Pakistan’, where they aim to train teachers and improve education in the impoverished areas of the country; a noble effort by an equally noble youngster.
He truly deserves a standing ovation.
6. Professor Asim Khawaja
7. Dr Arjumand Hashmi
A Pakistani-born mayor of a town called Paris, in Texas, USA.
What’s his claim to fame?
He has successfully created a community and inculcated a pro-Pakistani image in the Southern state that has been a hotbed of anti-Pakistan sentiments, especially during the tenure of President George W Bush Jr. He is an accomplished cardiologist and continues to run his practice as well.
8. Naiza Khan
A visual artist and the recipient of the 2013 Prince Claus award. The Prince Claus award deliberates the honour to those individuals whose efforts have a positive impact in their respective societies. The fact that she is a Pakistani is indeed an honour for all of us.
She has successfully managed to promote a positive image of Pakistan with her work for all in the world to see.
9. Karamat Ali
Karamat is the Executive Director of The Pakistan Institute of Labour Education and Research (PILER). He is the recipient of South Asia Peace and Justice Award in India.
10. Saba Gul
She is the Founder and CEO of Popinjay, a social enterprise that empowers marginalised underprivileged girls in Pakistan with education and provides them with employment opportunities by selling their goods (embroidered handbags currently) to a high-end market.
11. Syed Fahad Ali
The Founder of the Aghaz School. This school is a non-political and independent organisation focusing on providing free education to underprivileged children living in the slums of Karachi. This is also a side project of the Pakistan Youth Forum.
12. Mehak Gul
Gul started playing chess at the early age of six. She is now 13-year-old and is creating a pro-Pakistan image by being an internationally acclaimed chess player.
13. Rafiullah Kakar
At 23 years of age and hailing from Balochistan, the young gentleman is the 2013 Rhodes Scholar for Pakistan. The Rhodes scholarship is awarded to one Pakistani annually to study at Oxford University, UK. Hailing from one of the most volatile regions in the world, securing such a prestigious scholarship is a testament to this gentleman’s dedication and sincerity. Indeed, he will go on to earn massive accolades globally and, in the process, create a better image of Pakistan on a global stage.
14. Maria Toorpakai Wazir
Maria, born in South Waziristan, is a professional squash player who has won international acclaims for Pakistan. She is currently ranked 54th in the world rank. She is a prolific speaker against extremism in society and has spoken at events such as TedxTeen.
15. Faisal Mirza
A recipient of the ECHO Awards in 2008; the ECHO Awards recognise the contribution of immigrants of ‘non-western’ descent on the basis of their talent in higher education. Mirza received a scholarship for a summer course at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he chose to study English and Public Policy.
16. Namira Salim
Salim is the first Pakistani to travel into space. She has officially been recognised as the ‘First Pakistani Astronaut’ by the government of Pakistan in 2006. She is also a peace activist and was conferred with Tamgha-e-Imtiaz in 2011.
17. Ali Rehan
He is the co-founder and CEO of Eyedeus Labs; a tech start-up by Pakistani students that developed a mobile application so innovative that it was even featured on CNN and other global media.
18. Dr Naweed I Syed\
Dr Syed is a globally acclaimed scientist of Pakistani origin and head of the Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy at the University of Calgary’s Hotchkiss Brain Institute in Canada. He is the first scientist to ‘connect brain cells to a silicon chip’. This is indeed a great honour for Pakistan.
Connecting brain cells to electronic chips opens up the potential to take artificial intelligence computing to the next stage and Dr Syed plays a leading role in this quest.
19. Sabia Abbat
Abbat, originally from the Hazara division, is the winner of the National Cycling Championship. She is an emerging talent and her skills have been recognised nationally. She hopes to foster change and represent Pakistan in the South Asian games next year. She is an inspiration to all the young women out there who want to pursue their goals and, in the process, bring about positive change in the society.
20. Sarmad Tariq
Tariq has been an inspiration for people with physical disabilities. He is a motivational speaker and a corporate evangelist. He represented Pakistan in the ING New York City Marathon in 2005 and finished with a medal. Sarmad hopes to bring about positive change in the attitude of Pakistanis all over with his life coaching talks on various platforms.
21. Rosheen Khan
Khan is Pakistan’s first female master scuba diver and the only Nitrox diving instructor in Pakistan. She aims to introduce positive social changes with her efforts.
22. Parveen Saeed
Saeed, the owner of Khana Ghar, started her business to provide hot meals for three rupees to low income individuals. It has become a lifeline for hundreds of poor men and women who are unable to make ends meet.
The motivated people of Pakistan achieved what the government failed to deliver. This is precisely why I keep on insisting that it is crucial to look at Pakistan beyond how the media portrays it. The civil society in Pakistan is working tirelessly to enrich the lives of Pakistanis and improve society. With such people in our midst, the only way Project Pakistan can fail is if we let it.
23. Sameen Shahid
Shahid is a recipient of the OFID scholarship of 2009 to study at Harvard University’s John F Kennedy School of Government. The Public Administration degree that she pursues can help redefine the values and customs of governance for the Pakistan of the future.
24. Mir Zafar Ali
Ali is an Oscar winner movie visual effects curator. He has given life to characters such as Venom in Spider Man 3 as well as several other Hollywood flicks such as X-Men, The Mummy. He won an Oscar for Best Visual Effects in 2007 for the movie The Golden Compass.
25. Waqas Ali
Ali is an entrepreneur and founder of an online shoe store called Hometown Shoes, where they sell locally manufactured leather shoes and accessories.
26. Bilal Masood
Maqsood is a student of Crossing Border Global Studies in Denmark and is also a certified trainer of the School of Leadership (SOL), Karachi. He has represented Pakistan as its youth ambassador on various platforms and is keen to bring about positive social change.
Pakistan is one of those nations which have gained more popularity due to the increased politics in this zone. Pakistan is facing many issues but despite of all the facts, this country is still standing as an independent nation and the only atomic power of the Islamic block. Pakistan is a peaceful country and the war against the terrorism has made some serious damage to the integrity and the credibility of the country. Following are the top 10 amazing facts about Pakistan.
Pakistan is the 6th largest nation of the world containing one of the oldest civilizations in history.
Pakistan holds four out of fourteen highest peaks in the world. K2 is the second highest mountain in the world.
Pakistan has world’s largest irrigation system.
The world’s largest deep sea port, Gawadar is in Pakistan.
The world’s highest paved international road, The Karakoram Highway, is in Pakistan which is the eighth wonder of the world.
Khewra salt mine, the second largest salt mine in the world is in Pakistan.
Thar Desert, is one of the largest deserts is in Pakistan.
World’s highest Polo ground is in Pakistan where Shundur Polo festival is being organized.
One of the best trained air force pilots in the world are in Pakistan.
Pakistan’s national anthem tune ranks first in the top three tunes of the world.
نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم ایک مرتبہ صحابہ کے پاس تشریف لائے اور اپنی بند ہتھیلی کو ان کی طرف کر کے ارشاد فرمایا میرے ہاتھ میں کیا ہے۔؟ کچھ صحابہ کرام نے جواب دیا یارسول اللہ شائد آپ کے ہاتھ میں ہیرے جواہیرات ہیں، پھر دوسرے صحابی سے پوچھا انہوں نے بھی کچھ سوچ کے بعد جواب دیا یارسول اللہ شائد سونا ہے۔ پھر پوچھنے پر ایک صحابی نے جواب دیا کہ یارسول اللہ آپ کے ہاتھ میں اگر ہیرے جواہیرات نہیں اور سونا بھی تو یقینا چاندی یا کوئی قیمتی چیز ہوگی۔ تب آپ ۖ نے اپنے ہاتھ مبارک کو کھولا تو آ پ کے ہاتھ پر چند کنکریا تھی سب صحابہ حیران رہ گئے۔ آپ ۖ نے فرمایا اے میرے صحابہ عورت کی مثال اس بند مٹھی کی طرح کی اگر وہ بند ہے( یعنی باپردہ ) ہے تو ہیرے جواہیرات، سونا چاندی اور اس کی بیش بہا قیمت ہے لیکن اگر وہ مٹھی کی طرح کھل جائے ( بے پردہ ہوجائے ) تو وہ بے وقعت پتھر اور کنکریوں کی مانند ہے جس کی کوئی عزت اور قیمت نہیں۔
جی ہاں قوموں کی ترقی کا انحصار بہترین مائوں پر ہوتا ہے اور ماں کا کردار جوان بیٹیوں کو غیرت اور شرم کا لباس پہنانا ہے کسی بھی معاشرے کی ترقی اور عزت کی ڈور عورت کے ہاتھ میں ہوتی ہے مگر افسوس آج کی عورت اپنا مقام کھو چکی ہے۔ مسلمان ہوتے ہوئے احکام الہی کو ماننا تعصب اور تنگ نظری سمجھا جاتا ہے
اسلام نے عورت کو چار بہترین روپ میں عصمت کی بلندیوں پر پہنچا دیا ہے۔ عورت ماں کے روپ میں شفقت کی دیوی، بہن کے روپ میں پیکر ایثار، بیوی کے روپ میں پیار کا سمندر اور بیٹی کے روپ میں باپ کی بخشش کا سامان اور عزت و تکریم کا نشان ہے۔
انتہائی افسوس کا مقام ہے جس قوم کی عورت کو دیکھ کر کافر ادب سے کھڑے ہو جایا کرتے تھے آج اسی قوم کی بیٹیاں سر پہ ڈوپٹہ اوڑھنا اور پردہ کرنا جہالت سمجھتی ہیں اور اپنے لیے نمائش پسند کرتی ہیں۔ شاید انہیں یہ علم ہی نہیں کہ خود کو ڈھانپنے کا حکم اللہ کی طرف سے ہے مگر نوجوان نسل اتنی منہ زور ہو چکی ہے کہ مائیں سمجھانے سے پہلے سو بار خود سوچتی ہیں۔ فیشن کو اپنا اوڑھنا بچھونا بنانے والی لڑکیاں اپنے دائمی نفع کو اور بخشش چھوڑ کر عارضی آشائشوں میں مگن عذاب جہنم کو خوب دعوت دے رہی ہیں۔ کہاں سے لائی جائیں وہ مائیں جنہوں نے قرآن سیکھا اور اس کی تعلیمات کو حرف آخر بنا کر اپنی زندگیوں کو روشن بنایا جن کے بطن سے امام ابو حنیفہ، امام مالک، امام احمد بن حنبل، امام شافی اور شیخ عبدالقادر جیسے بیٹے پیدا ہوئے۔ بد نظری زنا کی پہلی سیڑھی ہے اگر انسان اپنی نگاہ نیچی رکھے تو اس فتنہ سے بچا جا سکتا ہے، جب نفس پاک ہو تو چہرے پر پاکیزگی کا نمایاں نکھار نظر آتا ہے۔
اگر عورت کے ہاتھ میں مرد کے سکون اور ترقی کی ڈور ہے تو مرد کی پستی کی وجہ بھی یہی ہے موجودہ دور میں مردوں کی بڑی تعداد پردے کے خلاف ہے کہیں بھائی بہن کو، باپ بیٹی کو اور کہیں خاوند بیوی کو سرے عام بے پردہ لیے گھومتے ہیں، بے پردہ عورت نہ صرف بے برکتی اور افلاس کو گھر میں دعوت دیتی ہے بلکے مرد کو بھی بے غیرت ظاہر کرتی ہے اور جب مرد بے غیرت ہو تو ایک فرد بے غیرت ہوتا ہے جبکہ عورت بے غیرت ہو تو پورا معاشرہ تباہی کا شکار بنتا ہے۔
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Historical, Cultural, Agricultural and Education Background
District Mandi Bahauddin takes its name from the town headquarters. In 1506 A. D. a Gondal Jat Chief Bahauddin established a settlement namely Pindi Bahauddin, after his migration from Pindi Shah Jahanian to this area.
During British era in Sub-Continent
In the British rule in 1916 Pindi bahauddin Railway station was setup. It was a time when the British were Establishing and introducing modern and essential public use Equipments in their best Interest. Above mentioned Railway System was introduced and laid down to defend their Empire from the North. So it was called North Western Railway (NWR). After the first world war the British gave and introduced new settlements in Sub-continent. This Region called "Gondal Bar" some of its land lying Barren was reconstructed and a great Irrigation plan was surveyed and dug out by manual work. Main route of the canal Lower Jhelum was dug. Water was released in 1902 in its main route.
Chak Bandi was made by Sir Malcum Heley and approximately 51 Chaks were settled and notified. In these 51 Chaks , the land was awarded to the people who worked for British Empire. The town grew up in early 20th century near the ancient village [Chak No. 51], where Sikh, Hindu and Muslim businessmen and land owners came to settle. The twon was named Mandi Bahauddin after establishment of grain market in the area. Chak 51 became the center of this newly established town. The map of this Chak was made by John Alam. A famous grain market was setup in this Chak. After this the Chak No. 51 was called Mandi-Bahauddin. In 1920 this name was notified. In 1924 Pindi-Bahauddin Railway station was notified the above mentioned name. In 1937 when Mandi-Bahauddin was town, it was given the status of a town committee. In 1941 it was given the status of a Muncipal Committee. In the Master plan of reconstructing this town, in 1923 all the streets and roads were laid straight and wide. In 1946 nine gates and the wall surrounding this town was completed due to reites.
After the partition when the Sikhs and the Hindus have migrated to India, bulk of muslim population migrated and settled here. In 1960 this city was given the status of Sub-Division. In 1963, the Rasul Barrage and Rasul-Qadirabad link canal project under Indus Basin irrigation project started. The Project was managed by WAPDA, and a large colony for government employees and foreign contractors was constructed a few kilometers from Mandi Bahauddin. This projected was completed in 1968 by Engineer Riazur Rahman Shariff as the Project Director. This project brought lime light to Mandi Bahauddin and helped the city grow commercially. In 1993 by its own name Mian Manzoor Ahmed Vato Chief minister Punjab announced and notified this city as a District. H.Q.
The district forms central portion of the Chaj Doab lying between Jhelum and Chenab rivers.
Jatts consisting of sub-castes Gondal, Warraich, Tarar, Ranjha and Sahi dominate Mandi Bahauddin, consisting of three tehsils Mandi Bahauddin, Phalia and Malikwal.
However, Gujjars and Mohajirs are also prominent in local politics. Agriculture is the major profession in the district. Formerly a tehsil of Gujrat district, Mandi Bahauddin district consists of two national and five provincial assembly seats
The total area of Mandi Bahauddin is 2,673 sq kilometres. The total number of male voters in Mandi Bahauddin is 370,528 and female voters 278,521. The annual population growth rate of the district is 1.87 per cent and the urban ratio is 15.2 per cent. Around 99.1 per cent of the total population of Mandi Bahauddin are Muslims, 0.6 per cent Christians and 0.2 per cent Ahmadis.
The main languages of the district are: Punjabi 97 per cent; Urdu 2.5 per cent; Pushto 0.5 per cent; Seraiki 0.5 per cen. Main occupations of the district include agriculture workers 40.7 per cent; elementary occupations 40 per cent; service workers 6.5 per cent, crafts and related trade 4.2 per cent; professionals 3.1 per cent and machine operators 2.4 per cent.
More than 150 lakh populated city has its own great importance. In the Western side of Mandi-Bahauddin at the place of Khiwa , the famous and historical war "Battle of the Hydaspes River" between Raja Porus and Alexander The great , a Greece Invader have been fought.
A painting by Charles Le Brun depicting Alexander and Porus during the Battle of the Hydaspes
Alexander's crossing of the Hydaspes river, courtesy of The Department of History, United States Military Academy
The Battle of Hydaspes River was a battle fought by Alexander the Great in 326 BC against the Indian king Porus on the Hydaspes River (now the Jhelum) in Punjab. The kingdom of king Porus was situated in that part of ancient India which has become modern day Pakistan. The battle was the last major war fought by Alexander.
At the first day of this war, Harry Roy the son of Raja Porus was killed at 11 o-clock. At the same day, the horse (Bucephalus) of Alexander, The great, was dead. After the death of his son, Raja Porus (initially stationed at Nazampur) came with Elephants and fought against Alexander the great. This war was on the Southern Bank of the River Jhelum. As a result of this battle, Alexander founded two cities, Nicaea (Victory) at the site of modern day Jalapur and Bucephala at the site (possibly) of Bhera in Pakistan.Bucephalus was the name of the horse that Alexander rode on, having died either during battle or right afterwards of weariness and old age.Wazir Abad Cuttlery industry has its own pride to sharpen and prepare the swords of this great Invader.
At a few distance from here, second Sikh war in 1849 in the reigeon of Lord Guff, the British and the Khalsa Sikh Army fought at the place of Chillianwala.
A grave yard at Rakh Minar near Chillianwala has its own Ancient Mamorandom where many British Army soldiers and officers have been buried and lie there.
Tehsil headquarters towns of Phalia and Malikwal are at the distance of 22.5 and 28.5 kilometers from Mandi Bahauddin, respectively. The shape of the district is like a parallelogram. It is bounded on the north by river Jhelum (which separates it from Jehlam district); on the west by Sargodha district; on the south by river Chenab (which separates it from the Gujranwala and Hafizabad districts); and on the east by Gujrat district. Total area of the district is 2,673 square kilometers. The district comprises of three tehsils, namely, Mandi Bahauddin, Phalia and Malikwal.
Mandi Bahaud Din: Out of the way city by shirazi
Originally Mandi Bahauddin was a village called as Chak number 51. It started expanding after the completion of Rasul Hydroelectric Power Station on Upper Jhelum Canal in 1901. Today, Mandi Bahauddin is an over crowded market town famous for its agricultural markets (Grain Market, Vegetable Market and Livestock Market) and local industry of making colourful bed legs.
The name Mandi Bahauddin originates from two sources: Mandi (market) was prefixed because it was a flourishing grain market and Bahauddin was borrowed from nearby old village Pindi Bahauddin, which has now become part of the town. After the partition, thousands of refugees from India rehabilitated on the evacuee property of Sikh and Hindu landlords. Lately, after the construction of Rasul Barrage, people from the belt along southern edge of Salt Range up to Pind Dadan Khan and other areas across the River Jhelum came settling in the town. Due to migrations and increase in business activities, the town has expanded in all directions. The result is that more than half of the population is living outside municipal limits without any civic amenities. More unplanned localities and kachi abadies are coming up everyday. The tendency to move from rural areas to urban centres is on the increase.
People from adjoining villages come to exchange their agricultural products like grain, chickens and Ghee with matchboxes and other commodity items and see the â€˜bright lightsâ€™ in this dusty town. Donkey carts to heavy vehicles are plying indiscriminately on any road they feel like. The town roads have bumps, wobbles and unauthorized speed breakers (sleeping policemen). The right of way has been shrunk due to encroachments and fast growing traffic. Most cross-junctions like Hospital Chowk, Gurha Chowk, Sut Sire Chowk, College Chowk and two railway crossings are always busy and there are no traffic signals.
The sugar mills constructed â€˜farm to millâ€™ road that can be used as a bypass for the traffic not concerned with the city. But it is not being utilized because there are no arrangements to divert the heavy traffic on to the 20 feet wide metallic road. Mixture of slow and fast moving traffic, lack of footpaths, parking facilities, presence of bus and wagon terminals and many tonga stands has aggravated the situation in this agricultural market town. It is located away from Grand Trunk road but well linked with Pind Dadan Khan, Jhelum, Kharian, Lalamusa, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Sargodha with railways and good road network.
The small town having gridiron pattern (all roads and streets meeting at right angle) has developed haphazardly into an overcrowded city. Rehries and temporary shops have intruded all the main bazaars. The rehriwallas have a strong union. They thwart any effort by municipal authorities or district administration to remove the encroachments. The result is that what to talk of vehicles even the pedestrians cannot pass through the bazaars. Dual carriage way was introduced from Sadar Darwaza - gateway built in 1930 - to municipal committee office but the encroachers have also occupied this bifurcation.
The right of way on roads going out of the town has also been reduced due to unchecked encroachments and linear development along the roads. Number of shopping centres has come up in the residential areas. Beside sugar mills, local shaped industrial concerns are spread in and brick kilns around the town. Bed legs and colourful furniture are famous products of the town. Commercial and industrial activities in the residential areas have put a great pressure on the demand of already deficient houses.
Grain Market is located in the centre of the town. Goodsâ€™ Forwarding Agencies and lack of amenities have made miserable the lives of merchants and customers of the Market. Large number of goodsâ€™ trucks is always standing in the 4.3 acres of market area, which adversely affect the business. The surrounding area of townâ€™s landmark and highest building, majestic Jamia Mosque built by the corner of Grain Market is also noisy and bustling with commercial activities of â€˜Loharâ€™ bazaar.
Even worst is the condition of Vegetable Market. There was time when much of what is today Sabzi Mandi was tranquil and pollution free market consisting of few shops. People could go to the market and buy some of the freshest fruit, vegetables and some of the choicest of spices, nuts, meat and chicken. But now it is very difficult to move in and out of this largest perishableâ€™s market in the area because there is no regular sweeping or lifting of garbage and all the free space has been occupied by vendors who buy any one item in the morning and sit on ground to sell inside and around Sabzi Mandi.
Well chalking is another problem of the town. Political, religious, commercial slogans and different advertisements can be seen all over the town. Political slogans respecting one candidate who contested last elections, every time from a different platform can still be found written on the walls of the town.
Besides going to nearby Rasul Barrage for eating fish Kabab, there are no recreational or cultural facilities and no healthy activities Mandi Bahauddin that was made district headquarters in 1993. This has far eaching effects on the youth of the town. They are seen playing cards on roadsides or snooker in corners of every street. Large numbers of video shops have come up and are doing good business. Video shops rent TV, VCR and as much as five films at a time even in the period when multi channel satellite has become a household item. There are two old cinema houses with 803 seating capacity. Degree colleges (one for boys and one for girls) are doing good jobs but given the resources of the municipal educational institutions, they are not enough for the youth of the area.
A Lalamusa-Sargodha-Khanewal railway is a profitable rout. At present only one Peshawar-Karachi train - Chenab Express - runs on this route. It could be useful to introduce at least one more Peshawar-Karachi express train for passengers, agricultural products produced in the area and a few of the minerals from Salt Range. This track is linked with Khewara Salt mines as well. Moreover, this track is strategically important in case of any threat to Peshawar-Lahore-Karachi main railway track. In that case, Lalamusa-Sargodha-Khanewal rail route could take all the rail traffic.
The â€œMandi Bahauddin Development Plan 1986-2012â€³ has not even come on the tables of people responsible for is execution. But a possible nice start for the town may be to declare at least two bazaars (Sadar Bazaar and Committee Bazaar) totally pedestrian, vehicular traffic and animal transport contained out. Any body listening please!